31 August 2021 – Global animal welfare organisation FOUR PAWS rescued 17-year-old female brown bear Martha from a defunct restaurant site near Stryi, Western Ukraine and transferred her to its BEAR SANCTUARY Domazhyr near Lviv on 30 August. Martha was born in captivity and forced to perform in a circus until 2008. Afterwards the restaurant owners purchased her and kept her as an attraction for guests. An estimated 80 bears still suffer in private captivity in small cages next to restaurants, in circuses or backyards in the Ukraine, despite the government’s plans to ban the use of certain wild animal species, including bears and big cats, for most entertainment purposes except circuses from November onwards.FOUR PAWS welcomes the decision of the Ukrainian government to amend its law on the protection of animals from cruelty to end the exploitation of certain species for entertainment purposes. However, much work is left to be done as long as animals are not properly registered, breeding is uncontrolledand the use of wild animals in the circus remains legal.
In a one-day rescue mission, the FOUR PAWS team picked up bear Martha at the restaurant site and brought her to her new species-appropriate home. Once she settles in at BEAR SANCTUARY Domazhyr, a thorough health check will determine her future care. Her former owners kept Martha in a small concrete enclosure, with a lack of enrichment and a dry pool proving a sad sight.
“Martha had nothing to play with and no opportunity to roam, swim or hibernate. She was incredibly bored and started biting the cage bars, resulting in dental damage, along with the sugary foods she received.”
Barbara van Genne, responsible for Wild Animal Rescue & Advocacy at FOUR PAWS
The owners treated Martha like a pet and even entered her cage for cuddles. “Bears are dangerous wild animals with species-specific needs and instincts they can never live out in captivity and when treated like cuddly pets or presented as attractions. It only adds to their suffering. Martha will now be able to live a bear-appropriate life for the first time since she was born,” says Van Genne.
Ukraine sets major milestone towards better wild animal welfare
Despite the positive step towards better wild animal welfare in the country, FOUR PAWS urges the Ukrainian authorities to enforce the legislative changes sustainably to effectively reduce animal suffering. “It is still unclear how the law will be enforced for bears kept in private residences, but we estimate that the keeping of at least 30 bears in the country will become illegal once the new law is in place. The government must make sure these bears find species-appropriate new homes well enough in advance. Additionally, we prompt the responsible authorities to officially register all respective bears and facilities to prevent the bears from being killed or traded, and must introduce measures to keep the bears from reproducing and the number of illegal bears from rising,” says Taras Boiko, Director at FOUR PAWS Ukraine. FOUR PAWS is offering to support the Ukrainian government with the gradual phasing out of the illegal keepings.
29 rescued bears at Ukrainian sanctuary
BEAR SANCTUARY Domazhyr was officially opened for visitors in October 2017. Including new arrival Martha, 29 bears rescued from catastrophic keeping conditions now live on the 7.7-hectare site. With the construction of BEAR SANCTUARY Domazhyr, FOUR PAWS has created a species-appropriate home for rescued bears, originally supporting the Ukrainian government with enforcing the ban on cruel practice of bear baiting in the country. For this purpose, bears are being chained and abused as bait objects for the training of hunting dogs. Now, the bear sanctuary also provides a home for individual animals rescued from other cruel forms of bear keeping as well.